A urogynecologist is a combination of the fields of urology and gynecology where they specialize in the care and treatment of both the urinary system as well as the female reproductive system. In simple terms, a urogynecologist can be called both a urologist and an OBGYN who specializes in the pelvic and urology problems of women. If you want to know what to expect from a urogynecologist, then read till the very end.
With urogynecologists, you can expect them to be knowledgeable in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Furthermore, they have finished additional training that helps them deal with conditions that affect the pelvic organs of the female body along with the connective tissues and muscles that support such organs. With this kind of training, these professionals will be able to deal with gynecologic issues that are non-cancerous in nature and caused by menopause, childbirth, or aging through surgical and non-surgical treatment means. About one of every four women have conditions that are treated by these urogynecologists. This number is more than the number of women who suffer from depression, diabetes, and hypertension.
Urogynecologists deal with a number of pelvic floor disorders but the most common being prolapse of the uterus, vagina, or bladder and fecal or urinary incontinence. If a woman suffers from prolapse, it takes a long time for it to happen where their female organs will fall down into their pelvic area. If a woman suffers from prolapse, she also often suffers from incontinence. Both of these conditions happen at the same time since damage to the pelvic floor is the usual culprit to them after a woman has given birth. Even if childbirth is most commonly associated with these conditions, there are also other causes leading to such events. Obesity, heavy lifting on a daily basis, severe constipation, and chronic coughing are also other factors that lead to a woman suffering from incontinence or prolapse.
For urogynecologists, they treat women who suffer from such conditions using either surgical, pharmacological, or behavioral approaches. For most urogynecologists, they first advise their patients to change their behaviors like doing some exercises and changing their diet. Since most bladder conditions are affected by the consumption of acidic beverages and food, urogynecologists advise patients to go on a strict diet. Once the intervention helps, then the urogynecologist will not be subjecting you to other treatments. Pelvic muscle exercises are another behavioral intervention that most urogynecologists advise women to prevent incontinence.
If behavioral interventions fail, urogynecologists will turn to medications or pharmacological treatment. Another option is doing surgery. Laparoscopic pelvic surgery and stress and vaginal dryness treatment are some of the most common surgical procedures being done.